The Brazilian National Institute for Science and Technology on Biodiversity and Land Use Change in Amazonia (INCT-MPEG), is a network composed of 12 research groups, and drawing from 30 universities and research centers across Brazil and the rest of the world. The initiative is supported by core funding from the Brazilian Council for Science and Technology (CNPq) and the Pará State Research Agency (FAPESPA), together with linked funds from the UK government (Natural Environmental Research Council), United Kingdom Royal Society and private overseas institutions. This virtual institution is coordinated from the Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi-MPEG, in Belém-Pará and includes research activities spread over five states, Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.

The main areas of the work within INCT-MPEG are captured within three overarching areas:   

Impacts of land-use and climate change on biodiversity. To evaluate spatial patterns of vulnerability and evolutionary capacity of key species groups across the Arc of Deforestation. Particular attention has been given to taxa currently threatened with extinction, and those that are vulnerable to climate change. New field data will be matched against an in-depth historical analysis of climatic and environmental change during recent millennia, providing the basis for a scenarios analysis that can map patterns of extinction risk and potential threats to the underlying ecological integrity of the Amazon biome. 

Social and environmental impacts of different patterns of land-use. To develop robust and practical indicators of environmental, social and economic sustainability in areas of small and large scale arable farming, cattle ranching, silviculture and forest management.

Sustainable land-use:By working through a series of pilot sites the INCT-MPEG will help establish a roadmap and set of indicators for conducting multi-disciplinary diagnostics of natural resource use across different temporal and spatial scales. In turn these data provide the evidence basis for guiding a much needed debate on the relative merits of alternative public policy and market-based initiatives. Beyond direct engagement with decision makers the INCT-MPEG intends to heighten the visibility of the sustainability debate and reinforce relationships between local populations and nature through education and outreach.