The National Institute of Science and Technology in Biodiversity and Land Use Change in Amazonia (INCT-MPEG) was created in 2009 as part of the nationwide MCT/CNPq initiative to promote scientific and development in Brazil. The nationwide goals of this initiative are to consolidate scientific developments and learning in key research fields, advance new frontiers of knowledge in science and technology and contribute to the training and education of a new generation of scientists and citizens.

The INCT-MPEG seeks to implement one of the first multi-disciplinary evaluations of the impacts of land-use change on the Amazonian ecosystem, focusing on three main topics: the conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services, social change and long-term strategies for sustainable land use. To achieve this goal the project is working through a network of study sites to collect novel and long-term data on ecological and social responses to historical and current gradients of land-use change and management practice in Brazilian Amazonia. 

“Arc of Deforestation” - an area that currently encompasses some 244.420 km², extending from the extreme south of the Amazon to Maranhão in the east and Acre in the west, including some 524 municipalities, more than 10 million people, 36 protected areas and 99 indigenous reserves). To this end the INCT-MPEG initiative has brought together a network of scientists and students from more than 30 organizations (including from the Amazon region, the south, south-east and central-west of Brazil, and internationally), including 95 senior researchers, 69 postdoctorate and postgraduate students, 9 educationalists and more than 30 other internships. Moreoever, as a part of its initiatives two new PhD programs have been proposed to CAPES in Environmental Sciences and Botany.